Alzheimer's disease: causes and treatment

Alzheimer's disease: causes and treatment

Alzheimer's disease is an incurable disease that manifests itself in cognitive and memory changes as well as behavioural disorders, such as depression and hallucinations. It is a disease that generally affects older people. Find out more about the causes of this disease as well as our tips for its treatment.

Main Causes

Alzheimer's disease is a disease that has no clear cause. However, currently, brain changes are known to occur in an affected individual. These changes include the accumulation of senile plaques resulting from the deposition of β-amyloid protein and neuro-fibrillary tangles. It is also possible to observe the reduction of neurons and connections between nerve cells. One of the areas most involved in the neurodegenerative process is the hippocampus, which is linked to memory and learning. Lifestyles and health problems such as lack of exercise, hypertension, smoking and diabetes are also considered to be causes that can favour the onset of this disease. In addition, women are at increased risk of developing the disease.

Treatment of Alzheimer's disease

There is no cure for Alzheimer's disease, but early diagnosis can help delay the progression of the disease, thus ensuring a better quality of life for the patient. Treatment can be divided into two groups: pharmacological and non-pharmacological.¬ Pharmacological is related to the use of drugs, which will be indicated exclusively by the doctor. Non-pharmacological treatment, on the other hand, involves physical exercises, activities aimed at improving the individual's cognitive abilities. There are also actions that can promote social contact, such as participation in cultural programs, leisure activities and celebrations of important dates. In patients with advanced disease, constant monitoring is needed to avoid situations that expose the individual and others to the risk situation. Finally, you should notice that going to a doctor is the best decision.

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